September 19, 2019
The history and heritage of the Sharankhola Upazila
During the British rule in this subcontinent, about 1861, the southern region of Bagerhat district was surrounded by the traditional Sundarbans on the eastern side of the river. In this area, the eastern men from Parvati area BARISAL cut the jungle and created a habitable area for the people. The town is named as Sharankhola. In 1907 the Sharankhola Police Station was formed. On December 15, 1982, the refuge was honored with a standard police station. On July 18, 1983, after the Second Amendment of the Local Government (Thana Parishad and Thana administration was reorganized) ordinance 1983, all standards were converted into upazila upazilas. According to the order, the refuge was converted into an upazila. The largest part of the upazila covers the Gahin Sundarbans. Historical events include barricades and canals along the river in 1965 to protect the area from salinity. As a result, lack of water movement creates waterlogging in the area. As a result, the crop is severely damaged. Later, the affected people appealed to the government to seek remedies but without any help from the government, at one stage the local people rebelled to get rid of the waterlogging and at one point on March 10, 1967, they cut down the dam of Rainda (Sadar), Tafalbari, Kumarakhali Canal.
Archaeological heritage and relics Mohini Cottage in Singbari village of Amaragachia village. In 1982, the police station was established in this area. The Sharankhola Forest Range Office and Coast Guard Station were set up to set up police stations at Tafalbari, Barajapur to prevent corruption / smuggling / robbery of the Sundarbans of the refuge.
In 1985, the Sharankhola Police Station was abandoned. Tarikkanti Roy Chowdhury was the first Upazila Executive Officer in Sharankhola Upazila. In 1985, the first upazila chairman was elected. After winning the election, Md Habibur Rahman took over as the first elected chairman.
Natural Disasters November 15, 2007 Cyclone Sidre caused severe damage to homes, crops and livestock in the upazila. The distance from Bagerhat District Headquarters to Sharankhola Upazila Sadar is 48 km (30) miles by river. After the creation of Bagerhat district in 1984, the distance between the Bagerhat district headquarters and the Sharankhola upazila headquarters was 50 km (31.50) miles.
2. The name of the refuge is named:
(A) What is known about the nomenclature of the Sharankhola Upazila. That is, the area is located on one end of the Sundarbans region and the wood produced by the Sundarbans was made in a special process which was a 'memorable' event. It is reported that the area has been named as Sharankhola since this memorable event.
(B) However, locally another information is known about naming refugees. The refuge of the refuge; 'Open' and now space. That is, refuge means shelter. There was and is no doubt that there was a tiger infestation in the Sundarbans. Earlier, there was no place for people to live in this part of the Sundarbans. To protect the tiger from invasion, humans are tied to the tree and sheltered. Later, people living in those places took shelter at the tabernacle for their livelihood. In the next phase, that is, in the third phase, people improve their sanctuary system in order to improve their quality of life. Thus, in those parts of the Sundarbans, people improved their shelter system. Thus, the people of this part of the Sundarbans provide shelter for them as their name is sheltered. The nomenclature of the refuge is more acceptable to the second opinion than the first opinion, as it bears a resemblance to reality.
The total size of the Sharankhola Upazila is = 151.23 km, (58.39) square miles.
4. Administrative area
The upazila consists of four unions.
No. 1 Dhansagar Union
No. 2 Khunakata Union
No. 3 Rayenda (Sadar) Union
No. 4 Southkhali Union
5. Demographics: - Census (2011)
Total population of refugees = 114083;
Male = 61799,
Female = 52284,
Muslim 1,01981, Hindu 12,056, Buddhist 15 and 3 others.
The average rate of education for refugees is 56%;
Notable educational institutions: colleges, high schools, madrasas and elementary schools.
1. Refugee Degree College (1978),
2. Tafalbari School and College.
3. DN Technical College.
4. Mother tongue college.
(B) high school
1. Rwanda Pilot High School (1947),
2. Tafalbari High School (1969),
3. Amargauchiya Multipurpose Secondary School (1950),
4. Khunakata Multipurpose Secondary School (1965),
5. RKDS Girls' School (1969)
6. Rajapur Secondary School (1968)
7. Dhansagar United Secondary School (1968)
8. Janata Secondary School (1969)
9. Sundarbans Secondary School (1980)
10. Khonakata two-way secondary school
11. Anwar Hossain Secondary School
1. Madinatul Salum Latifia Darul Madrasah
2. RAWINDA RAJAIR ALIM MADRAS
3. Rwanda Bazaar to enter Madrasa
4. Rajapur madrassa madrasa
5. Nalbunya Alim Madrasa in the Gulf
6. Sonatla Alim Madrasah
7. Roar Rajapur Salehia Dakhil Madrasa
8. Refuge female madrasa
(C) Primary School
1. Khajurbaria (1931)
2. Golbunia (1936)
3. Amaragachia (1940)
4. Rwanda (1940)
5. Southkhali (1940)
6. Amaragachia (1952)
7. The Nolbunia (1952)
8. Matherpar (1952)
9. The Rajapur (1952)
10. Rajaire (1957)
11. Sonatla (1971)
The main source of income for the population of this region
Non-agricultural workers 9.69%,
Transport and communication 2.9%,
Religious services 0.42%,
Rent and Remittance 0.61%
Ownership of farmland
51.26% of the landless
44.35% in the city and 50.03% in the village has agricultural land.
8. Religious Institution (Notable)
Mosque 219, Temple 72, notable relig ious institution.
1. Haji beautiful Molla Dafdar house Jame Masjid (1882),
2. The mosque (1898), in the northern Khulnakata Nalmiya Jame
3. Dhansagar Mollabari Jame Mosque (1905),
4. Radhagovind Temple of Dhansagar,
5.Amaragachia Kali Temple,
6.Rivenda Shitala Kali Temple.
In the Sharankhola upazila, the forest was cut off by the forest. Among the residents of this upazila, the influence of regional languages is seen in Barisal region. Different neighborhoods influence the regional language of the people coming from Barisal. It is very difficult to identify the inhabitants of this region in a common regional language.
Almost every family in the rural areas of this upazila is an example of Ardash family. Their main occupation is agriculture, fisheries, fisheries in the sea and rivers, collecting fish, honey, crabs, golpata, fuel wood, etc. from the Sundarbans. Hindu, Muslim E.T.C, influential people of all ages have mixed culture at this police station. The routine of the day started here after the rooster broke at dawn. Men, sitting, and taking on the net are regularly involved in the work. Women give mind to homework. Men are ahead of women as well. Co-education activities are also daydreaming. The main male in the family. Women are in second place. In rural areas, women wear sarees. Married Hindu women prefer to wear pandu in the hands of their husbands, considering that it is better for the bride to wear sundar in her hand. The men in the countryside wear lingerie. Men wear shirts everywhere. Shardi Durga festivals and Eid are fun for both communities by wearing colorful clothes.
From Sundarbans (Bogi Port Range Office) there are arrangements to add motorbike from Sharankhola Upazila to Bogi or from Bus Upazila to Tafalbari, then from Tafalbari Bazar to Motor Bike, Van, Auto Rickshaw, Bogi Forest Office. If you want to visit Kataka Sanctuary, you must first visit the Sundarbans region (khulna, Bagerhat, Mongla, Sharankhola). Launch is, in fact, the main means of traveling to Kataku. The tourists are anchored in the Bogi Canal with tourists. Currently, more than a hundred tour operators are engaged in tourism business in Sundarbans. You can go to Sundarbans by contracting with any good tour company. After visiting Sundarbans, people from the tour company will be able to visit Katakaya. From Khulna, Bagerhatgami bus or Kamalapur train to Khulna from Gbatali and Sayedabad bus terminals in the capital Dhaka, you will get a launch from Rupsa or Mongla of Bagerhat. Apart from this, you will get boats from Khulna, Bagerhat, Mongla and Sharankhola.
If any information is wrong, please inform. If you make any mistake, I will fix it.
References: Wikipedia, Banglapedia, Evolutionary Bagerhat, Bagerhat.